El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve covers a territory of almost 25,000 square kilometers (10,000 square miles) and is located between the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific Ocean.This natural reserve has an endless number of attractions such as the wonderful cave paintings guarded by the Sierra San Francisco mountain range. Studies indicate that these red, yellow, black and white masterpieces were created by the Cochimi, a nomadic tribe of hunters and gatherers who inhabited this region approximately until the 16th century.
El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve was instituted as a protected natural area in 1988, while UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site a little later, in 1993. In the contrasting landscapes of thisreserve, the largest of its kind in Latin America, travelers can observe deserted beaches, lagoons, dunes, mangrove swamps and even islands and islets. This unique paradise-like territory is inhabited by peculiar creatures, some of them endangered species such as the pronghorn, a beautiful antelope (unfortunately) highly valued by hunters, and the Desert Bighorn sheep. Mule deer, loads of migratory birds, wolves, foxes, pumas, marine seals, sea lions, as well as four species of sea turtles live here, too.
There's a guest of honor that year after year comes ''on vacation'' to El Vizcaino. This Very Important Animal swims all the way down from the Sea of Bering because of Baja's weather, as well as the beauty and idyllic calm found around the natural landscapes of this biosphere. We're talking about the immense gray whale that temporarily migrates during winter towards the cool waters of the lagoon located on both sides of the Baja peninsula to fool around, mate, calve and finally nurse their newborn whales.
Whale watching is definitely the thing to do when coming to Baja and perhaps something that everyone should do at least once in a lifetime. For the Cochimi tribe, the first human inhabitants in this region as mentioned above, whales and other beautiful animals are recurrent characters shown in cave paintings along with human figures, which shows the deep connection that existed between men and Mother Nature, a connection we must not lose.
If you're staying at one of the hotels in Los Cabos, the Southern part of Baja, or in any property in the Northern part of the Baja Peninsula, near Ensenada, and wish to visit El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, then you must take the Transpeninsular Route, also known as Federal Highway 1, that starts off from Tijuana and reaches the coast of the southern end of the peninsula.
This sanctuary to life is located in the central part of Baja California, close to the town named Guerrero Negro. We have to say that you need to schedule your visit as soon as you arrive because the Mexican Government of Baja California must authorize your visit to this biosphere, so don't forget to ask for permission in the tourism office of the city you're staying. There are some tour operators that can take care of the aforementioned procedure (which is not that difficult) and can also offer round trip transportation to El Vizcaino.
We invite you to leave the comfort of your luxurious air conditioned resort for one day and start an adventure that will last forever in your mind and spirit. The breathtaking tranquility you can experience in the desert, walking through dunes and giant cacti is simply amazing. So is witnessing the vision of life and nature that ancient tribes depicted on huge rock walls. Finally, there's nothing compared to sharing the joy of a mother whale, hoping to celebrate the birth of her baby.
Come and experience El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve!
El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve
- Miguel Ángel Hernández